Monthly Archives: May 2017

Johannes Amos Comenius on Lingua Realis

We are happy to invite you to a lecture

A Neglected Chapter in Seventeenth-Century Language Planning:
Johannes Amos Comenius’s Lingua Realis

by

Dr Petr Pavlas
(Filosofický ústav, Akademie věd České republiky, Praha & Freie Universität, Berlin)

Venue
Faculty of ‘Artes Liberales’, University of Warsaw, Nowy Świat 69,
4th floor, conference room

Time
Thursday, June 8th, 5:00 p.m.

Summary

Jitse van der Meer and Richard Oosterhoff suggest that the unsuccessful Protestant attempt to mark out the boundaries of allegorical biblical exegesis and to fix the meaning of scriptural passages caused an awareness of the imperfection of the verbal language. Therefore, early modern philosophers “turned to nature” and strove to find the perfect language in mathematics and logic.

This hypothesis needs to be revised: already the entire Middle Ages had been aware of the corrupted nature of verbal language. Rather, the decisive impulse for the rise of the perfect language movement seems to have been the doctrinal plurality and confessional diversity following the Reformation.  For it was due to this that many turned to arguments from natural theology in order to persuade their opponents or establish doctrinal consent.  To avoid logomachy, some early modern philosophers sought to develop the perfect and universal language. One of these was Johannes Amos Comenius.

The aim of this paper is to outline Comenius’s design of the “real language” (lingua realis).  For this represents an important chapter in the history of early modern language planning.  In particular, the paper seeks to show how Comenius’s project – with its “logical purism”, its programme of “word as definition”, its combinatorial ambitions and its desire not to restore but to create the perfect language –  belongs to the early modern tradition of mathematizing thought. An important theme is the possible mutual influence between the different projects of Jan Amos Comenius, John Pell, Cheney Culpeper and Francis Lodwick. Overall, the paper is intended to complement Rhodri Lewis’s discoveries in this field, but from the perspective of Comenius studies.

Petr Pavlas is a Postdoctoral Researcher in the Department of Comenius Studies and Early Modern Intellectual History in the Institute of Philosophy of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Prague, and Assistant Professor in the Department of Philosophy of the University of West Bohemia, Pilsen, Czech Republic. He is currently doing research on the idea of perfect language in the works of Johannes Amos Comenius at the Free University in Berlin. His publications include articles in English and Czech in Studia Comeniana et Historica, Teorie Vědy. Theory of Scienceand in volumes of studies.

New Grant for Our Centre

We are delighted to inform you that the Head of the Centre, Dr Michał Choptiany, has been awarded 379,300 PLN by the National Science Centre to carry out an individual research project under the SONATA 12 funding scheme. For the next three years Dr Choptiany will be studying sources documenting the development of calendrical and chronological controversies in early modern Lower Silesia and Upper Lusatia, paying particular attention to such figures as Abraham Bucholzer, Leonhard Krentzheim, Bartholomaeus Scultetus and Andreas Dudith and analysing their impact on the intellectual and religious landscape of the region and their role within the Republic of Letters. This project was conceived as continuation of Dr Choptiany’s earlier post-doctoral project, carried out also at the University of Warsaw, which was aimed at mapping the calendrical debates in Central European sources.

For more details on the project, entitled ‘Debates over biblical chronology in the intellectual culture of Silesia and Upper Lusatia (1550-1650)’, please see either English or Polish description available at the National Science Centre’s website. In addition to this, please stay tuned for more updates on the project, to be available soon at Chronologia Universalis.